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After Derailment and a Leap of Faith, Infinera Is a Market Leader Again

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Infinera's decision to bypass an entire product cycle and bet the farm on the transition to 100 GB technology appears to be paying off.

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When I first wrote about Infinera (NASDAQ:INFN) back in 2007 (see Infinera Corp.'s 'Yeah Baby' Moment), the original title of the article was going to be "Infinera: You Had Me at Photonic Integrated Circuit."

That's because, despite all the claims by other optical transport equipment manufacturers, INFN was really the only one with a solution that cut through the bottlenecks created when traffic needs to jump on and off the optical network and is forced to go through non-optical switches and other points of congestion.

While the technology behind such a solution was, and is, way over my head, the logic behind an integrated, end-to-end transport system was way too simple to ignore. So it is easy to see why INFN IPO went off almost as well as its 10 GB solution was selling at the time. Unfortunately, and not coincidentally, initial public offerings do not tend to happen at the bottom of the cycle, but rather the opposite. Combine that with the advent of the financial crisis, and the rest of my thesis was effectively blown to bits in a very short period of time. INFN business quickly entered what I described on the Buzz & Banter (subscription required) as a "nuclear winter." To prolong the drought, INFN made the strategic decision to bypass the carriers' upgrades from 10 GB to 40 GB channels, and focus all of its efforts on a 100 GB product, which in 2009 was so far forward-looking to amount to little more than a leap of faith. INFN in essence bet the farm that its 10 GB product and installed base were going to be sufficient to carry it through several years of development of a new state-of-the-art technology.

The consequences for the stock were pretty predictable. It has traded between $5 and $10 for the better part of the last five years, as investors where left guessing whether the 100 GB bet would eventually pay off, or whether the company had missed the boat for good. Early last year, management began talking up the prospects for the new 100 GB DTN-X box even though the product was still several quarters away from delivery, and there was still a lot of uncertainty over carriers' acceptance (see European Elections: At Full Speed Toward the Debt Iceberg).
Fortunately for the company, late last year it became apparent that the 100 GB DTN-X box was indeed a winner, and the Q1 business update pretty much confirmed that INFN is now staring at what should be a long and strong product cycle.

Infinera Technology Advantages

To clarify the upside for INFN's business and its stock, I want to touch on its key advantages vis-à-vis the Cienas (NASDAQ:CIEN) and Alcatel Lucents (NYSE:ALU) of the world.

I have already mentioned the first technical advantage Infinera has over its competitors: It provides a solution that can take packets on and off optical transport networks without needing third-party components to convert the signal from optical to electronic and back to optical. In non-integrated solutions, the on/off point is where the network traffic gets jammed.

Second, being an integrated system, carriers can add capacity to their networks by simply adding line cards to their existing boxes. This process does not require any time-consuming configuration and can be accomplished in as little as 24 to 48 hours without any disruption to existing traffic.

Third and most important, being a seamless integrated solution, the DTN-X lends itself perfectly to being managed by Software Defined Network servers. If you follow the networking space somewhat closely, you know that SDN is the new rage, since it makes it much simpler for carriers to adjust their networks to their customers' needs in real time. But effective SDN management is easier said than done, especially if the software must control several working parts of different origin. On the other hand, it becomes relatively simpler and more efficient if the software needs to speak a single language easily understood and coherently applied by the entire data transfer process.
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Position in INFN.
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