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Is the US Housing Market Far Worse Than Reported?


No matter how the National Association of Homebuilders, Realtors, or Mortgage Brokers tries to sell it, the housing market is just not healthy.

The National Association of Homebuilders sentiment gauge has been stuck in neutral for the past four months and the latest number came in flat a 54 for October. A reading above 50 is said to be positive, and the spin is certainly positive, but what is really going on with the housing market?
The flat verdict of 54 was below expectations of 55 and the usual scapegoats are the reasons provided for the miss.

"Policy and economic uncertainty is undermining consumer confidence. The fact that builder confidence remains above 50 is an encouraging sign, considering the unresolved debt and federal budget issues cause builders and consumers to remain on the sideline."

So, consumers and builders are postponing their purchases and building because of the US debt ceiling debates, something that has already occurred 80 times over the past 50 years? It's doubtful.

This kind of rhetoric provides zero value and is simply meant to give the media something to talk and write about. In reality, the head of the Homebuilders Association either has no real clue, or is afraid to say what he sees in fear of rocking the market's fragile confidence boat. Either way, his musings must be taken with a grain of salt.

"Just the Facts, Ma'am"

The housing market is not healthy, no matter how the National Association of Homebuilders, Realtors, Mortgage Brokers, or whoever tries to sell you otherwise.

According to RealtyTrac, 49% of all home purchases in the month of September were all cash deals, implying the traditional homeowner has now become only half of the housing market (and falling) as institutional investors such as Blackstone (NYSE:BX) set all time records in purchases. Compare the latest number to only 30% of housing transactions that were all cash one year ago and less than 20% for most of pre-2008.
Some other stats from RealtyTrac:
  • Since 2011 over $1 Trillion of real estate has been sold in the United States
  • 54% of those were all cash purchases since 2011
  • In 2013, speculators and institutional investors have already purchased 370,000 properties, more than both 2011 and 2012 combined
As is implied by the increase in institutional all cash purchases, mortgage purchase applications have fallen off a cliff, now down 20% from their May highs and showing no signs of life. Mortgage purchase applications have fallen every month since and are now at their lowest point in 2013 and most of 2012. Homes that are sold are continuing to be sold to less and less traditional home owners.

Meanwhile interest rates have started to move against the consumer, making home affordability the worse it has been since 2008.

Speculators are fueling this housing market, and that is never a good long term sign. The stock market however is not fooled, and is already seeing this as an issue.

The Leading Indicators

Housing stocks are significantly underperforming the broader indices and have been the worst S&P (INDEXSP:.INX) sector this year, along with Utilities. Construction Stocks and Indices have performed even worse.

Given that speculators are now over 50% of the driving force behind the housing market it is likely just a matter of time before housing stocks really start to retreat as real demand continues to dry up. Since housing makes up roughly 15% of the American economy, homebuilder underperformance may also be warning of a larger issue with the US recovery.

This is something that we were warning about on May 29 in our article Genuine Housing Recovery or Relief Rally? when lumber prices were leading the housing market lower.

When the iShares Dow Jones US Home Construction (NYSEARCA:ITB) was trading at $25 we noticed. Since then housing stocks have fallen over 5%. Meanwhile the broader markets are up over 10%.

Where Is Housing Headed Next?

Check out the housing chart shown above.

Looking back since 1980, today's housing starts (shown in red) have only recovered back to the levels of previous recession lows at one million housing starts per month. This means that even though today is seen as "recovering", in reality the recovery remains only at levels associated with previous recession lows.

Based on the chart shown above, new housing starts are still in a recession.

Over the past few months, just as mortgage applications have dried up, the chart shows that housing starts have also pulled back to under 900k/month and down over 10% from their recent peak. If this is the start of a renewed downtrend in the housing market, then housing stocks could also get hammered.

Shown on the right side of the above chart, housing share prices have outperformed their similar housing starts and a reversion to the mean may be necessary as equities have likely gone too far too fast. A pullback to values that coincide with current new housing start levels means the Housing Index would need to fall 30% to get back to equilibrium.

I'm watching the SPDR S&P Homebuilders ETF (NYSEARCA:XHB) for a breakdown in its price as it is setting up a significant technical chart pattern. A breakdown of this pattern suggests a 20% downside move as the housing market continues to deteriorate on declining fundamentals.

Editor's note: This story by Chad Karnes originally appeared on

To read more from ETFguide, see:

The Fed Out-Gobbles Foreigners for US Debt

The Two-Month VIX Cycle

Hot S&P 500 Defies Lower EPS Forecasts
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