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Next US Dollar Peak Is Catalyst for Precious Metals, Hard Assets

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2013 will mark an important transition year as the equity market is likely to make a cyclical peak while commodities make an important cyclical bottom.

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The tile of this piece seems obvious. We all know that the US dollar tends to be negatively correlated with commodity prices. This is true in the short-term but not always so over the long-term. The US dollar index is currently nearing 83. It's at the same level it was in 2007 when gold was trading in the $600s and the CCI (currently 554) was trading near 400. The US dollar index is near the same level it was at the end of 2005 when gold was trading below $400 and the CCI was trading below 300. This tells us that the bull market in precious and hard assets goes way beyond simple US dollar weakness. It is driven by long-term supply and demand dynamics as well as rampant monetary inflation from global parties and not just the USA. Throughout this bull market, key advances and turning points have originated from strength against foreign currencies and then sustained strength amid textbook US dollar weakness.

First let's take a look at gold priced in US dollars and then gold priced against the inverse of the US dollar (a foreign currency basket represented by the PowerShares DB US Dollar Index Bearish ETF (NYSEARCA:UDN)). Note that gold/UDN is often a leading indicator for gold in US dollars. Gold/UND bottomed in the summer of 2008 and made a higher low in October, when gold bottomed. Gold/UDN broke to new highs in early 2009 while gold didn't break to new highs until September 2009. The same happened in early 2010 as gold/UDN broke out first. At present, there are no major divergences but gold/UDN has been quite a bit stronger than gold in recent weeks.

Gold UDN chart

Meanwhile, we have similar observations when looking at commodities via the CCI and UDN. During 2010 CCI/UDN broke to new highs in the spring while CCI didn't break out until September. CCI/UDN peaked ahead of the CCI by a few months in early 2011. Currently, CCI/UDN is showing a positive divergence. A close above 22 would be quite telling as commodities would be at 18-month highs when priced against foreign currencies.

CCI UDN chart



In terms of sentiment, we already know the depths of gold and the heights of the equity market. The chart below (source) shows the CCI with the positioning of fund managers as surveyed by the monthly Bank of America Merrill Lynch fund manager survey. The current weighting of commodities (in the average fund manager portfolio) is the second lowest in four years!

Continuous Commodity Index
Click to enlarge

Meanwhile, as you'd expect given the skepticism on commodities, sentiment for Uncle Buck has grown more bullish. As per sentimentrader.com, public opinion is currently at 75% bulls. Peaks in the US dollar have occurred with public opinion at 80% bulls. The US dollar has a bit more upside until resistance at 87-88.



Moving back to our original point, the US dollar plays an important role in commodity markets but is not the sole determinant of exact peaks and bottoms. In fact, the US dollar is usually a lagging indicator for gold and gold stocks as shown below. I plot the US dollar inverse, gold and the Gold Bugs Index (INDEXNYSEGIS:HUI). The blue line shows the important bottoms in gold and the HUI and the red line shows the corresponding bottoms in the US dollar inverse. Essentially, the precious metals market will form major bottoms ahead of tops in the US dollar.



What does all this mean going forward? I believe that 2013 will mark an important transition year as the equity market is likely to make a cyclical peak while commodities make an important cyclical bottom. We already know that sentiment on commodities and precious metals is at dumpster-diver-type levels. Adjust for the US dollar strength and it's clear that these markets are showing some short-term strength amid poor sentiment. That is a positive sign and one we often see ahead of key turning points in these markets. However, the US dollar has some more upside before its next important peak. Precious metals have found a bottom and are moving higher, but they won't embark on their next big move until the US dollar peaks. At my firm, we've carefully added to longs in recent weeks but will remain patient in our anticipation of the next big leg higher later this year.

Editor's Note: See more from Jordan Roy-Byrne at The Daily Gold.
No positions in stocks mentioned.

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