I looked at history to identify the nature of corrections in gold stocks during cyclical bull markets within secular bull markets. I looked at the major bottoms during 1960-1980 (using the Barron's Gold Mining Index), as well as the major bottoms during this bull market that began in 2000 (using the HUI Gold Bugs Index (INDEXNYSEGIS:HUI)). Essentially, I examined how long it took for gold stocks to encounter their first major correction (more than 21%) following a major bottom. The column Worst D refers to the market's worst correction before the first major correction. I found that these initial corrections were limited to 15% to 21%. The first major correction averaged about 30% and occurred at least one year after the major bottom.
The HUI did correct 26% in November 2008 as it retested the October low. I left that out, as it occurred instantly after the major bottom.
Look at what happened after the major bottoms of 1960, 1976, 2000, and 2008. If we take the median of those four rebounds, then it equates to the market rebounding 251% over one year and nine months before incurring more than a 21% correction.
The only outlier is the 1969 bottom, where the market corrected 35% in 1971 and then 23% in 1972 before the market exploded to the upside over the next two years. However, following the 1969 bottom, the market did rebound 83% over one year and four months with no more than a 17% correction. It wasn't that much of an outlier.
The lack of a big correction following a major bottom is quite common in all equity markets. Consider how the stock market performed following the 2002 and 2009 bottoms. From October 2002 to January 2004 (16 months), the Nasdaq (INDEXNASDAQ:.IXIC) rallied 93%. Its worst correction was 14%. Following the 2009 bottom, the Nasdaq rallied 99% in 13 months! Its worst correction was 8%.
History suggests that we need not worry about a major correction anytime soon. The HUI is currently up 30% in two months. If it's up 200% in 17 months, then it would be time to worry about a significant retracement. In the meantime, my firm doesn't foresee any shift in the trend until the gold stocks reach the neckline resistance (Market Vectors Gold Miners ETF (NYSEARCA:GDX): $30, Market Vectors Junior Gold Miners ETF (NYSEARCA:GDXJ): $51) discussed in our last editorial. From those levels, we could get a 15% correction.
The chart below plots the average of the rebounds in the 1970s, as well as the average of the rebounds in the past decade. The current rebound (blue) remains on track according to history.
After a major rebound, its natural to want to be cautious and safe. Our emotions react to the recent past. That is why the herd is always too bullish at market tops and way too conservative at market bottoms. Moreover, advisors want to play it safe by hedging their opinions and bets. Everyone is worried subconsciously that the fledgling bull market isn't real and may revert back to a bear market. In this instance, the hardest thing to do is be a raging bull and to buy something that you could have bought 50% cheaper a month or two months ago.
Editor's Note: See more from Jordan Roy-Byrne at The Daily Gold.
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