Why Now's the Time to Consider Canadian Energy Stocks
Canada's energy sector is still home to promising growth stocks and a large number of dividend-paying securities that offer elevated yields.
Suncor Energy (NYSE:SU) became Canada's largest integrated oil company after its 2009 merger with Petro-Canada, a blockbuster deal that included additional acreage in western Canada's oil sands, as well as refineries and a portfolio of international upstream assets. The energy behemoth operates three primary business segments: refining and marketing (60% of 2011 revenue), oil sands (28%), and international and offshore (12%).
In the past, our investment thesis for Suncor Energy has focused primarily on the firm's oil-weighed production mix and potential to grow output significantly from its assets in Canada's oil sands, an operation that accounted for 46% of the company's 2011 net income. Suncor Energy's presence in the Alberta oil sands dates back to the 1960s, when the firm pioneered the first commercial-scale mining operation.
Oil-sands deposits contain bitumen, a heavier hydrocarbon that must be blended with a lighter product such as condensate or processed into a synthetic crude before entering the pipeline network for delivery to end-markets. Producers extract the bitumen in one of two ways:
- Shallow deposits of the viscous hydrocarbon (about 20% of Canada's reserves, according to the Oil Sands Developers Group) can be exploited via pick-and-shovel mining.
- Oil sands located more than 80 meters (about 260 feet) below the surface require in situ production techniques that usually involve pumping steam into the formation, to increase reservoir pressure and heat the bitumen until the hydrocarbon can be pumped to the surface.
In both instances, the extracts undergo processing to remove water, sand, and other contaminants from the bitumen, after which the output is diluted with lighter products or upgraded into synthetic crude oil for transport to the marketplace. Much of these diluents come from gas-processing plants in western Canada and Enbridge's (NYSE:ENB) Southern Lights pipeline in the Midwest US, though additional import capacity has been proposed.
In the near term, Suncor Energy will continue to benefit from rising in situ output at the Firebag project, the first phase of which came onstream in 2004, and whose second stage flowed its first oil in 2006.
Suncor Energy's oil-sands segment posted record quarterly production of more than 340,000 barrels of oil equivalent per day in the three months ended September 30, driven by infill drilling at Firebag 1 and Firebag 2, as well as a faster-than-expected increase in production from the third phase of the project.
These results are even more impressive when you consider that planned maintenance at the McKay River development and one of the firm's upgraders-a facility that transforms bitumen into synthetic crude oil-constrained output.
Editor's Note: This article was written by Elliott Gue of Energy and Income Advisor.
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