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Is This a Rally in a Bear Market or a New Secular Bull Market?


Investors are pondering the market's next direction, what stocks are ready to be bought, and which sectors to watch this week.

Editor's Note: The following article was written by Raymond James Chief Investment Strategist Jeff Saut.

I was on the West Coast last week seeing institutional accounts and speaking at various seminars. The resounding question served up was, "Is this a rally in a bear market, or a new secular bull market?" The follow-up question was, "How can you be sure that the pullback, you have wrongly been expecting, is for buying?"

Speaking to the second question first, since 1940 there has never been more than one 10% or greater pullback in a bull move; we had a 17% pullback last year between April's high into June's low. Moreover, the retail investor is nowhere close to fully embracing this rally, which is typically what occurs around intermediate/long-term stock market "tops." Consider this quip from Peter Lynch's book One Up On Wall Street:

If the professional economists can't predict economies and professional forecasters can't predict markets, then what chance does the amateur investor have? You know the answer already, which brings me to my own "cocktail party" theory of market forecasting, developed over the years of standing in the middle of living rooms, near punch bowls, listening to what the nearest 10 people said about stocks.

In the first stage of an upward market -- one that has been down awhile and that nobody expects to rise again -- people aren't talking about stocks. In fact, if they lumber up to ask me what I do for a living, and I answer, "I manage an equity mutual fund," they nod politely and wander away. If they don't wander away, then they quickly change the subject to the Celtics game, the upcoming elections, or the weather. Soon they are talking to a nearby dentist about plaque. When 10 people would rather talk to a dentist about plaque than to the manager of an equity mutual fund about stocks, it's likely the market is about to turn up.

In stage two, after I've confessed what I do for a living, the new acquaintances linger a bit longer -- perhaps long enough to tell me how risky the stock market is -- before they move over to talk to the dentist. The cocktail party talk is still more about plaque than about stocks. The market is up 15% from stage one, but few are paying attention.

In stage three, with the market up 30% from stage one, a crowd of interested parties ignores the dentist and circles around me all evening. A succession of enthusiastic individuals takes me aside to ask what stocks they should buy. Even the dentist is asking me what stocks he should buy. Everybody at the party has put money into one issue or another, and they're all discussing what's happened.

In stage four, once again they're crowded around me -- but this time it's to tell me what stocks I should buy. Even the dentist has three or four tips, and in the next few days I look up his recommendations in the newspaper and they've all gone up. When the neighbors tell me what to buy, and then I wish I had taken their advice, it's a sure sign that the market has reached a top and is due for a tumble.

Manifestly, we are nowhere near stage 3 or 4; so yeah, I think any pullback is for buying. As for the first question, I have not wavered in the belief that since the first Dow Theory "sell signal" of September 1999 the major averages would do what they have done after every secular bull market peak -- they would go sideways in a wide swinging trading range. My often mentioned example has been the trading range between 1966 and 1982 following the previous secular bull market that began on June 13, 1949, and ended on February 9, 1966. That wide swinging trading range market experienced no less than 13 swings of 20% or more (both up and down) during that 16-year range-bound environment. Interestingly, while the DJIA made its nominal price low in December 1974 at 577.60, the D-J Transportation Average refused to confirm with a like new reaction price low (read: non-confirmation). That left the Dow's nominal price low at 577.60, a level that would not be breached, or even retested, over the subsequent years.

The Dow's valuation "low" (the cheapest it would get in terms of price to earnings, price to book value, price to dividends, etc.), however, was not reached until the summer of 1982. Still, the senior index never came anywhere close to its nominal price low of December 1974.

Accordingly, for almost two years I have argued that the nominal price low for the current range-bound stock market came in March of 2009; I have also stated that I would be shocked if the major averages ever come close to those levels again. As for when the valuation "low" will occur is certainly a fair question, but my sense is it is still a few years away. Yet, that does not mean you can't make money in the stock market.

As for the shorter term, today is session 113 of the longest "buying stampede" I have ever seen. To be sure, a stampede typically last 17 to 25 sessions, with only one- to three-day pauses/pullbacks, before resuming its upward onslaught. A few have lasted 25 to 30 sessions, but I can count on one hand those that have extended for more than 30 sessions. Previously, the longest such skein encompassed 52 sessions. The current stampede began on September 1, 2010, at the intraday Dow low of 10016, and has continued higher into last Friday's closing price of 12273.26 for an eye-popping 22.5% surge. Over that time frame the senior index has not experienced anything more than a one- to three-day pause/pullback; truly an amazing run.

Some internal dynamics have changed, however. To wit, the "winners" of late 2010 (gold, bonds, emerging markets, etc.) have been having difficulty this year. Meanwhile, the "step children" of late last year (developed markets, banks, technology stocks, etc.) are acting fairly spunky. The banks' outperformance began in November 2010, as noted in these missives, and concurrent with the first Buy recommendation I have made on them in some 10 years. There has also been a rotation out of small capitalization stocks into larger caps. All of this is generally consistent with my cautious (not bearish) stance coming into the new year; that is "consistent" up until February 1, when the stock market seemed to take on a life of its own.

Yet even though I have been cautious, I still have been able to find special situations to buy. Take Stanley Furniture (STLY) -- our positive rating on Stanley Furniture stems primarily from its strong balance sheet ($25.5 million of cash and zero debt), the shares' inexpensive valuation, and our view that operating performance is likely to improve significantly in 2011 and beyond. Additionally, we believe the shares offer investors a "call option" on the potential receipt of $40 million (or more) of Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset Act (CDSOA) monies -- an amount well in excess of Stanley's current enterprise value. If Stanley receives the CDSOA money it will have in excess of $6 per share in cash, implying you would be getting the operating business for free.

Another potential special situation is Royce Value Trust (RVT). A few weeks ago RVT announced it was reinstating the managed dividend distribution policy (shortened to MDP) beginning in March. RVT is currently trading at about a 16% discount to its net asset value (shortened to NAV). I think the recent news is not being reflected in RVT's share price. I believe once the distribution becomes active the discount will narrow and the fund will trade closer to NAV. Our Closed End Fund analysts have RVT on their Idea List, as well as in their Total Return Model Portfolio. RVT previously had a 10% MDP, which was suspended when the fund had to start returning principal to comply with its MDP policy. I think a 5% MDP is a much more attainable yield and therefore recommend purchase at these levels.

The call for this week: "The last shall be first, and the first last," so says the Bible (Matthew 20:16). And that seems to be what's happening on Wall Street this year as the favored trades of 2010 have become the least favored trades recently. Of course that has been part of the restless rotation that has sparked many of the upside non-confirmations on which I have been commenting. It is also responsible for my cautious investment stance since history suggests that upside non-confirmations are a reason for caution. And with interest rates backing up, the yield on the 10-year T'note is above its 200-week moving average for the first time since 2007; it will be interesting to see how the Financials act this week. Without the Financials rallying it should be difficult for stocks in the aggregate to extend higher.

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No positions in stocks mentioned.
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