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What Could a 'Cliff Dive' Do to the Economy?


Despite the short-term overbought condition, I think the upside should continue to be favored.

From Mark Prigg (Daily Mail, October 26, 2012):

While Hollywood has focused on huge amounts of explosives or spacecraft on a kamikaze mission to deflect asteroids, US experts say the reality could be a little simpler -- and stranger. Researchers believe a very pale asteroid would reflect sunlight, and say that over time, this bouncing of photons off its surface could create enough of a force to push the asteroid off its course. However, asteroids are made of dark rock -- so the team proposed using a large space based paintball gun to coat it with white paint. Sung Wook Paek, a graduate student in MIT's Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, says if timed just right, pellets full of paint powder, launched in two rounds from a spacecraft at relatively close distance, would cover the front and back of an asteroid, more than doubling its reflectivity, or albedo. The initial force from the pellets would bump an asteroid off course; over time, the sun's photons would deflect the asteroid even more.

Alas, if only it was that easy to "paintball" the rapidly approaching fiscal cliff. For those of you traveling the North Yungas Road in Bolivia (the most dangerous road in the world, where more than 100 people per year die by falling over the cliff) and unaware of the approaching dangerous "cliff," let me explain. Before beginning, however, let me preface by recalling Bill Buckley's famous lament that he would rather be governed by folks listed in the Boston phone book than Harvard professors. To be sure, there are some good politicians inside the DC Beltway, but not many! Of course, one of my themes is that the "players" are changing with smarter policymakers being elected, which should lead to smarter policies, but I digress.

Speaking to "the cliff," January 1 will mark the end to last year's temporary payroll tax cuts, gone will be select tax breaks for businesses, the alternative minimum tax (AMT) will take a larger tax bite, the Bush tax cuts end, and President Obama's tax for the new health care law commences. Concurrently, massive spending cuts will go into effect, which according to Barron's will impact more than 1,000 government programs with major "hits" to the Defense and Medicare budgets.

More specifically, the Congressional Budget Office (CBO), whose work in my opinion has dubious validity because of its politics but nonetheless whose numbers everyone uses, states "the cliff" will have a negative $607 billion (-3.8%) hit on fiscal 2013's GDP numbers and a $807 billion drag (-5.1%) on a calendar basis. President Obama's budget recommendations would lift the top individual tax brackets to 39.6% from 35%, while the upper portion moves from 33% to 36%. The child tax credit/marriage-penalty provisions would also lapse. Moreover, taxpayers who have been shielded from the AMT would owe extra AMT on their 2012 tax returns to be paid in calendar year 2013.

Sizing the numbers suggests the sunsetting of the upper income tax provisions raises about $75 billion (0.5% of GDP), while the reinstatement of the 2% payroll tax increases the government's tax take by $126 billion (0.8% of GDP). Other expiring tax provisions include the bonus depreciation allowance ($86 billion/0.5% of GDP), the largest of which permitted the 50% depreciation allowance for capital investment, as well the 100% deduction allowance for certain property placed in service during a calendar year reverts back to 50%.

Other economic impacts include the new tax for the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare) that imposes an investment income surtax of 3.8% on dividends and capital gains for high-income taxpayers ($24 billion/0.2% of GDP); automatic cuts from the Budget Control Act (often called the "budget sequestration") that "foots" to $1.2 trillion in automatic spending cuts over a 10-year period; the ending of the extension of unemployment insurance benefits ($35 billion/0.2% of GDP); a reduction of Medicare payment rate to doctors ($15 billion/0.1% of GDP); and other revenue/spending cuts that are not specifically broken out but are estimated to be $140 billion, or 0.9% of GDP.

Plainly a "cliff dive," for an extended period of time, would have a devastating effect on our economy. Our friends at Credit Suisse estimate a worst case impact of a -3.8% fiscal drag on nominal GDP growth next year and a best case drag of -0.9%. While the melodramatic media is replete with the horrors of "cliff diving," one should remember that politicians always stretch things out to the last minute. To refresh memories, recall that in the lame-duck session following the 2010 election, Congress did not enact legislation to extend the Bush tax cuts until December 17.
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