Too Many Reckless Investors? Savings Rates Indicate Plenty of Risk Aversion
Although monetary policy has pushed some people further into stocks, many others are building their savings and investing in short-term instruments.
The latest trope is that we are going to get a divine slap upside the head for the sin of risk-seeking, something not quite in the same league as its seven more famous siblings. The idea here is that oodles of cash are going to come off the sidelines (personally, I have stood on several sidelines in my life and none of them had piles of cash or even a prepaid calling card to Uzbekistan sitting there; what gives?) and push stocks up to some insanely overvalued level from which they will crash. Whatever; and never mind how it is the fixed-income markets that are the complacent ones.
Ignore Equity Gains
Savings rates, both gross and as a percentage of disposal income, have long had an inverse relationship with real equity prices. Restated, investors reduced their savings when their portfolios marched higher, and vice versa. However, savings rates have moved higher since January even as US stocks have rallied. Investors understand the concept of easy-come/easy-go well enough to know that 2013's gains are at risk to many factors, including a botched unwinding of the QE programs of the past five years.
Ignore Lower Interest Rates
A second relationship is observable as well, and that is the change in savings rates' response to short-term interest rates since the end of 2007; the 2008-onwards data points are marked in dark blue below. It used to be thought that savers would increase their principal as short-term interest rates fell so they could generate the same amount of interest income. That started to break after short-term rates fell following the dot-com implosion; savers looked at those rates and realized they could not meet an income target regardless. The present relationship has a very high level of savings at very low nominal and negative real short-term rates. Savers are squirreling money away in allegedly safe short-term instruments even though they are losing real purchasing power in the process. This is risk-averse, not risk-seeking, behavior.
If one objective of monetary policy has been to chase investors out of cash and into stocks, it has succeeded to some extent for some portion of the population. It has succeeded as well at keeping others in self-defeating cash savings. I guess we can describe this as a barbell outcome; others might find some place to use the word "dumbbell."
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