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Is 1,600 the Next S&P 500 Support Level?

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Volume by price is a powerful tool to determine where key levels are in an index or price chart.

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Investors and traders alike headed into the long weekend with a variety of potential risks facing them. The media has made us aware of the situation that is going on in Syria and that the United States may be planning a military strike.

Since the current Syrian situation arose, we have seen some strong volatility return to US financial markets. The observed volatility has included both realized volatility and implied volatility in many of the various option chains. There are pundits who will surmise a variety of outcomes, but frankly no one knows for sure. Will oil prices spike if military action occurs in Syria? Will oil prices fall on a military actions? What will happen to gold? What will happen to risk assets?

I have no idea what is going to happen in the financial markets for sure. Anyone who says they do does not respect the randomness of markets. We can look at option-based probabilities for some clues, but there is no definitive answer.

Instead I want to look at a very powerful tool that is available on most trading software platforms. Volume by price is a powerful tool to determine where key levels are in an index or price chart. The S&P 500 Index (INDEXSP:.INX) is shown below.



As can clearly be seen above, the obvious price points where we saw the most volume trade are highlighted. If price breaks below the current support level, the 1,580 - 1,600 support zone is likely going to act as a magnet for price action.

Currently I think there is a high probability that we at least test the 1,600 price level in the next few weeks. The current probability that the 1,600 price level will be at least touched before the September SPX option expiration (which expire in 20 days) is around 65% on Friday morning. The probability that the SPX touches 1,600 before the October SPX option expiration (48 days) is over 76%.

Clearly the implied volatility in the SPX option chain is telling us that odds are greater than 50% that prices work below the current support level over the next three to seven weeks. Additionally, we have strong volume by price data that indicates that the 1,580 - 1,600 price level will act as support.

I do not believe that making predictions is a great way to trade, but I think assumptions based on obvious support / resistance levels as well as implied-volatility-based probability assumptions keep traders from making pure guesses based on very little fact.

Back on August 16, I displayed the following chart in an article that was titled Will 1,650 Offer Buying Support for the S&P 500?



Unlike many market prognosticators, I will tell readers when I was wrong, when I was right, and when I was close. On August 16, I called for a bottom to play out around 1,650 and I was close; the bottom was actually formed intraday on August 21. The forthcoming bounce rallied roughly 30 points before reversing back to the downside to my next support level around 1,630.

With Syria remaining in the forefront and the United States government fiscal debate looming down the road, markets could become quite volatile over the next six to eight weeks. Traders need to act accordingly and manage risk through appropriate position sizing. Market conditions could get very interesting in the near future.

Editor's Note: JW Jones offers more content at OptionsTradingSignals.com.

For more on options trading, take a 14 day FREE trial to OptionSmith. Get access to veteran options trader Steve Smith's portfolio along with emailed alerts and strategy with every trade he makes. Learn more.
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No positions in stocks mentioned.
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