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Global Demographic Trends Point to More Volatility in Our Future


Trends affecting the global workforce: The Obvious, The Interesting, and The Frightening.

The most interesting article I read this week was a summary of trends likely to affect the global workforce for the next two decades. The study was published by McKinsey and summarized on The trends will all have material impacts on the world as we know it, which will influence the investor psyche significantly. I would divide the trends into three categories: The Obvious, The Interesting, and The Frightening.

The Obvious

China and India will produce the most new skilled workers in the coming decades. This is like a BGOTO: blinding glimpse of the obvious! China and India are the largest countries by population and growing so fast that this conclusion is fairly obvious. It will be very interesting to see if these countries can invest in their education infrastructure fast enough to give these people the skills they need to drive productivity up.

The Interesting

The McKinsey team predicts that the growth in the education system and skilled laborers in these two countries will cause a shift in the capital of the world's innovation centers. Today, that is the United States. In the future, McKinsey predicts that by sheer volume reasons, it will be in China and India. Only time will tell on that one. Innovation is not a numbers game alone.

Also interesting is the likely labor shifts in Europe. Europe is already the slowest growing continent in this study. Its demographic shift will include large flights of population to retirement. The gains in productivity in Europe will need to be large to make up for the slow population growth and increase in retirement base. McKinsey predicts a significant investment in automation to improve productivity in Europe. It is an interesting prediction that may have room for investment in firms that specialize in such services.

The Frightening

The world labor force was 1.7 billion people in 1980 and almost half of them were in farming and agriculture. Today, the world labor force is 2.9 billion and growing. Needless to say, farming is no longer anywhere near half of the labor force. The growth in population is not really slowing.

The world will face a significant shortfall in skilled labor in future decades. In addition, tens of millions of people will be underemployed and unemployed. The capital that employs will have the upper hand in setting the cost of its employees. The employees will not have negotiating power. Economic inequality is likely to widen its already large chasm based on these trends.

The result will be continued labor strife in developing and emerging countries. Labor strife often leads to political strife and regime change. NBC recently reported that by 2020, forecasts show there will be 80 million underemployed and unemployed men in the Middle East alone. If you think the Arab Spring is likely to subside, think again. That region faces another decade of strife based on these numbers. The primary reasons a society overturns its power base are poverty and economic inequality.

The Investment Conclusion

Economic inequality will worsen in most overseas countries. In fact, it will likely persist in the US also. Global markets will continue to be volatile as strife (mostly strife that is driven by these demographic trends) persists.

The US will likely need to deal with its immigration problems sooner rather than later. Many people in the labor force overseas will attempt to migrate to the US in hopes of dealing with the inequality in their own country. But the US will need to be smart about handling immigration (particularly of unskilled laborers) or it will face problems similar to those faced by overseas countries.

The next decade will likely have many highly volatile market moments, which the Buy & Hedge investor will survive with flying colors. Expect more and more strife from overseas to generate this market turmoil. Make sure you are hedged!

Editor's Note: For more from Wayne Ferbert, go to Buy & Hedge ETF Strategies.
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