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Who Said It: Keynes, Hayek, Nietzsche, or the Pope?


Can you tell the difference between the Vicar of Christ and the author of "The Antichrist"?

Pope Francis's recent criticisms of capitalism and the wealthy have invoked the ire of conservative commentators in the US. Rush Limbaugh, for example, described the pontiff's writings as "pure Marxism." In response to these accusations generated by his Apostolic Exhortation Evangelii Gaudium, released late last fall on the Vatican's website, Pope Francis publicly stated, "The Marxist ideology is wrong."

The pope also may be angering wealthy individuals important to the US Catholic Church. Last week, a potential "seven-figure donor," who remained anonymous, said that he has become hesitant to donate to the Church because of the pope's polemic against the rich, which includes the following quote from an important fourth-century Christian: "Not to share one's wealth with the poor is to steal from them and to take away their livelihood."

However, the US Catholic Church relies on the charity of wealthy entrepreneurs for important projects. For example, the Archdiocese of New York needs $180 million for a restoration project of St. Patrick's Cathedral. Ken Langone, the leader of the project and the billionaire founder of Home Depot (NYSE:HD), worries that the pope's words will alienate other benefactors.

So, do you think Pope Francis espouses economic radicalism? We've designed this quiz to see if you can distinguish his views from those who held opposing beliefs about economics and religion. The test has 10 quotes, and you must identify the author of each from among these four options: economist and philosopher Friedrich August Hayek (click here for a bio), economist John Maynard Keynes (see bio here), philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche (brush up on your Nietzsche facts here), or Pope Francis, who was profiled by James Carroll in the New Yorker. (If you would like to better understand the ideas of and the rivarly between Keynes and Hayek, check out this funny and popular video from 2011.)

The third page has the answers. Good luck!

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