Why Investors Have Lost Interest in Gold

Howard Simons
  APR 01, 2013 10:00 AM

Investors buy hope and dreams. At this stage in the game, the paper representations of future earnings offer more hope than does a lump of metal.


You no doubt have heard it said: A market requires buying, a lot of buying, to rise, but it can fall for any reason. Really; I hope you heard that before now because like so much of what passes for perceived wisdom on Wall Street, it is wrong, worthy only of the Annals of Unsubstantiated Musings, and therefore would not be said by me.
As a case in point, I recall a March 1989 conversation with a bond market technician who said, almost in passing, “There is not a lot for sale out there.”  Yields have declined ever since then.  Similarly, stocks have been able to rise in the face of continued outflows from mutual funds as buyers are willing, and indeed forced, to accumulate them at higher prices.  Markets that do not sell off on bad news can rise with only minimal buying interest.
Shrinking Participation in Gold

What about a market such as gold where supply grows only slowly and is augmented by continuously high levels of recycling, and where much of the final demand simply represents transference of ownership between old and new hoarders?  As many gold buyers are willing to hold paper representations of the metal in the form of ETFs such as the SPDR Gold Trust (NYSEARCA:GLD) or simply extinguishable claims on a long position such as gold futures, the ebb and flow of ETF shares outstanding or open interest in the futures market gives us an idea of the actual ebb and flow of participative interest in the market.
Here the news is not all that good gold,bugs.  If we map the weekly average of aggregate open interest in gold futures going back to their introduction in the US in December 1974 against the weekly average of cash bullion prices, a very strong 65-week or five-calendar-quarter relationship emerges with an r2, or percentage of variance explained, of 0.795.  As open interest in gold futures traded has declined by more than 33% since its November 2010 peak, the implication is negative for gold bullion prices through the second quarter of 2014.

The data from GLD’s shares outstanding are not quite so negative in their implication.  Here the relationship between daily shares outstanding and bullion prices since November 2004 also involves a five-quarter lead-time and the r2 is a strikingly high 0.944.  The 9.6% decline in shares outstanding since December 2012 is more neutral for gold than was the decline in open interest, but no one can construe this and its contemporaneous 6.2% decline in bullion prices as a sign investors are interested in joining the train-ride in gold more than a decade after it left the station.

Here I might offer some other Wall Street wisdom often honored in the breach: The market does not discount the same thing twice.  It does, repeatedly.  However, if the principal argument for owning gold is that central banks cannot print it, and if we are five years into the greatest collective money-printing extravaganza the world has ever seen and yet trader and investor interest in gold is petering out with sellers accepting lower prices for gold, then we should be able to conclude the party is over for now.
Investors buy hope and dreams.  At this stage in the game, the paper representations of future earnings offer more hope than does a lump of metal.  All that glitters in investors’ eyes is not gold.      
No positions in stocks mentioned.