Gold, Silver Relationship Key to Profits

Przemyslaw Radomski
  AUG 31, 2009 10:05 AM

And what happens in both depends on other markets, as well.


I have to confess to a love affair that goes back a long way with that exciting, hyper-volatile metal, silver.

This week, the Wall Street Journal reported that silver has enjoyed greater price gains than gold so far in 2009. The Journal noted that silver often follows gold, although sometimes with greater moves since it’s a less-active market and thus more prone to volatile price swings.

Naturally, silver’s stillness is limited to many consolidation periods, and to the early parts of a particular up-leg. When silver finally does move near the end of a rally, the move is likely to be substantial. So far in 2009, December silver futures have risen 26%, while December gold is up 6%, the Journal reported.

Knowing about the relationship between silver and gold can mean large profits at the right time, so I’d like to revisit this topic.

Silver -- sometimes referred to as "poor man's gold" -- is often bought alongside gold as a hedge against dollar weakness, inflation fears, and geopolitical turbulence. But silver also has a more significant role as an industrial metal because of its application in batteries, cell phones, computers, televisions, refrigerators, medical applications, satellites, weapons systems, electrical-wiring applications, and so forth. In the majority of cases, this silver is never recovered. Once it’s used up, it’s gone.

As mentioned earlier, the rule of thumb is that generally silver initially lags behind gold. But as gold gathers steam, speculators flock to silver and ignite the sharp moves higher for which this fidgety metal is so famous. We can also expect silver to drop faster than gold during a recession. We saw that in the recent stock panic, when gold was fairly resilient while silver nosedived. The yellow metal hit a 14-month low at its worst, while silver spiraled down to a 34-month low.

Today there’s a confluence of factors on the demand side for silver: investment demand, industrial demand, and the fear factor due to the economic situation that hasn’t yet resolved itself. We also need to keep in mind that we have another factor: almost two billion new consumers in China and India who are moving into middle-class status and are acquiring a taste for gadgets. Gadgets require silver. In other words, there’s a growing demand for silver as an industrial metal and as an investment vehicle while the supply continues to dwindle.

Looking back at history, we learn the lesson that we can expect silver to drop faster than gold during a recession, and for it to rise faster than gold during a bull market in the metals.

A simple application of this observation is to trade silver for gold in the middle of a recession when a bull market in gold and silver is about to start, and to trade gold for silver at the top of a bull market in precious metals.

Today’s ratio of gold to silver: 64.6 ounces of silver equals the value of one ounce of gold. With gold today at $956, and a normal, historical 12 silver to gold ratio (referring to its occurrence in nature, and ratio’s value through centuries), silver should be trading near $80.This is about 400% higher than it was trading for this week. So, if the price of silver gravitates to its historic ratio, we can bank on some nice profits. It’s impossible to tell the exact date when this would take place, but I expect the ratio to go much further below its historical average of 12 in a few years.

Since we’re already on the subject, let’s begin with analysis of the silver chart.


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As far as timing the silver market is concerned, the similarity is still intact between the two time frames that I mentioned previously. The situation developed as I expected and we saw higher silver values this week. Not only did silver manage to stay above the long-term support lines, but it was also able to once again move above the short-term one. Moreover, this move (which took place on Friday, August 28) materialized on high volume (as marked with the blue arrow on the chart above), which serves as a confirmation of the bullish signal. The bottom in silver was accompanied by a buy signal from the Stochastic Indicator, which was also the case at the end of January 2009. Back then, a relatively large rally followed, so this may also be the case here. Naturally, it may be necessary to wait for an additional few days of prices closing above the 14.5 level in order to confirm the move, but given the size of the volume on Friday, I think it’s likely it will move higher from here.

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The analysis of the medium-term chart emphasizes the size of the volume of Friday’s session. Combining this bullish signal with the cycle analysis that I’ve featured suggests that higher prices are to be expected from here, with a local top several weeks away.

General Stock Market

For a considerable amount of time, the main stock indices have been rising on a declining volume. Such a divergence usually suggests that the rise is only temporary and that the true price direction is down. Since this could be the case here, I’d like to point your attention to the fact that the level of volume is not yet screaming “sell.”

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Since it’s the long-term tendency that’s the subject of this analysis, I’ve used the weekly chart that filters out the daily noise. The weekly SPY ETF chart makes it easy to compare the volume that accompanied previous tops to the volume in the previous weeks.

Please note that past tops were mostly accompanied by volume that was visibly lower than what we’ve seen in the past several weeks, so we may indeed move even higher -- the next Fibonacci resistance level is just below 110, which is also close to the upper border of the price gap of 108.02, which formed in early October 2008 -- before correcting.


This week, the precious-metals sector moved higher; silver rallied on strong volume, which may mark a beginning of a new substantial up-leg. Gold is currently in a cloudy technical situation, and much depends on what happens in other markets.

The value of the main stock indices is naturally an important factor as well, especially for PM stocks and for silver because of silver’s many industrial uses. For now, the general stock market is overbought and it moves higher on a declining volume. But the size of the volume isn’t yet very low, so it wouldn’t surprise me to see even more strength in the Dow Jones Industrial Average and S&P 500 before they make a move lower. It’s too early to say whether such a move would drag PMs down along with them. Additional signals come from my firm’s indicators and from the analysis of other markets.
Positions in gold and silver.