For US-centric investors who question whether it’s really necessary to invest in “risky” overseas markets, here’s an important fact to consider: It’s China -- not the United States -- that’s leading us back from the brink of a global financial collapse.
At a time when the US economy continues to wrestle with joblessness, a housing hangover, and heightened inflationary fears
due to a questionable central bank “exit strategy,” Beijing just reported that China’s economy advanced at a 7.9% clip in the second quarter, up from 6.1% in the first quarter.
This is well ahead of what most mainstream analysts had been projecting -- particularly those who were writing the Red Dragon’s eulogy back in January. But as I’ve been saying since the start of the New Year, China could well be on track for growth of 8% or more this year.
If you factor in the cash that’s not included in official state statistics -- but that does influence economic growth -- it’s possible that China’s growth rate could grow by an additional 3% this year and as much as 5% in 2010.
That’s not likely, mind you, but it’s possible. And Beijing knows it.
Largely attributed to China’s massive $586 billion stimulus program
, the country’s economic acceleration may seem startling when juxtaposed against the travails of other major markets and the United States in particular.
While Corporate America has admittedly buoyed investor sentiment with some better-than-expected earnings of late
, many stalwarts continue to struggle. Take General Electric
(GE), which is widely regarded as a global company, and which saw its profits drop 47%. Credit spreads remain tight and lenders are certainly in the pits as has been amply displayed by CIT Group
(CIT), which teeters on the brink of bankruptcy
. Moreover, consumers continue to struggle in the United States, Europe, and Japan.
In China, however, there’s a very different story coming to light. Thanks largely to an emerging middle class of 330 million people (more than the population of our entire country), Chinese consumers are coming into their own. With savings that are as much as 35% of earned income and a desire to have what we have, goods are flying off of store shelves. The expected increase in Chinese consumer spending in 2009 is greater than the forecasted consumer spending increases in the United States, Japan, and the Eurozone combined.
At the same time, China’s property markets are rising again, and home values are increasing as well. Automobile sales, always a litmus test for consumer health in any developing country, are up 48% from last year and are accelerating so rapidly that China is already supplanting the United States as the world’s largest car market -- a full 3 years ahead of my projections.
But, critics ask
, what happens when the music stops? They’re worried that once the money runs out, China’s markets could crash all over again. To China’s credit, the government acknowledges that there still are challenges, and as a seasoned China watcher, that gives me comfort. I find it reassuring to see that China’s leadership understands the game they’re playing. In fact, there are 3 key areas that could trip up the country’s global-growth strategy, but to keep that from happening, China’s leadership is focusing carefully on each of the 3: unemployment, lending, and currency.
Let’s look at each one in detail. 1. Unemployment
President Hu Jintao and his cabinet are acutely aware that if unemployment gets out of control, social unrest will become a major problem. So China’s leadership will do everything it can to ensure that this doesn’t happen.
Most Westerners will no doubt read into this comment with an emotional overlay, especially when the media has been filled in recent weeks with stories of the waves of riots and killings in China’s Western Xinjiang region. But, they shouldn’t. The Uyghur riots, while extremely unpleasant by any measure, are racially motivated clashes. That’s not to downplay the tragic nature of this violence, but the very nature of these riots does suggest that the chance they’ll spread beyond the largely Muslim region is minimal.
What concerns Beijing when it comes to unemployment is that riots spawned by shortages of basic human needs are a very different phenomena because they could prompt a now-divided and largely indifferent populace to unite against the government across a much broader geographic area.
And that wouldn’t only risk China’s growth, but the powerful ruling elite, too, which is why Beijing is so insistent on direct stimulus benefits that keep people working. If it hasn’t dawned on you yet, I’m sure it will in short order: China is playing it smart.
Here in the United States, Washington took its turnaround plans to Wall Street. But in China, Beijing has taken its plans to Main Street.
While our leaders continue to pay lip service to unemployment, they really don’t care as long as protected (and connected) institutions remain standing when they should have been put out of their misery. 2. Lending
Since this crisis began, China has largely avoided the financial plague that’s devastated Western economies. This is due, in large part, to historically tight restrictions on local banking practices and the confinement of derivatives and other potentially toxic financial assets to a few externally focused banks. But now Beijing has a different issue to contend with. To ensure that the stimulus programs flow freely throughout China -- and have the beneficial impact that Beijing hopes -- Beijing’s bankers have more recently liberalized lending and reserve requirements inside China. This has resulted in an explosion of debt that many Western analysts believe will come back to haunt China in much the same way the lending orgy here continues to haunt US financial institutions today. They’re entirely different forms of lending, but the concerns seem to be inseparable.
To be fair, that might be the case. However, the thing to keep in mind is that China isn’t just changing the rules in isolation the way the United States did leading up to the financial crisis. Instead, we’re seeing stronger internal controls being developed, increasingly strict layers of banking supervision being installed, and a general rise in the quality of borrowers -- all at Beijing’s insistence.
The result of all this is that China’s financial system should become increasingly stable even as it grows by leaps and bounds.
Obviously there will be fits and starts, but this is a far cry from the warped system US investors have been forced to rely upon to date -- a system whose hallmarks seem to be inept leadership, somnambulistic or sleazy regulators, conflicted lenders, and greedy Wall Street executives who focus on profits no matter the cost. 3. Chinese Currency
Many Western observers worry about China’s intentions when it comes time to purchase our debt
. I think that’s overblown. The real question is what Beijing will do to manage the concentrated US dollar risk it currently faces.
To the extent that China can keep a lid on its unemployment situation and maintain control over its banking system, expect China to maintain the status quo and to continue its purchases of US Treasuries and US dollars. But don’t expect it to sit still. China is acutely aware of the highly concentrated risks it faces because of its ongoing dealings with the United States.
Therefore it’s logical to expect China to diversify its holdings
with additional oil, gold, and resources purchases in the months ahead. Not only will resource-specific investments help hedge the $2.3 trillion currency-reserve risk China bears
, but if the dollar collapses, such “hard-asset” investments will maintain much of their value and will be eminently tradable via the $120 billion in yuan-based swap agreements that China has assembled.
Here’s one final thought to consider. Unlike the West -- which views the financial crisis as a burden, a mistake, or a bad dream to be lived through -- China’s leaders see this as the most significant opportunity of a generation
. It’s a chance for their country to establish itself as a leading global power.
That’s why China will continue to pull further ahead. And that’s why US investors who don’t wish to be left behind can no longer ignore China.